A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration. Steroids have two principal biological functions: as important components of cell membranes which alter membrane fluidity; and as signaling molecules.

Potential Benefits 

  • increases in muscle tissue due to enhanced protein synthesis
  • decreased body fat percentage
  • increased muscle strength and power
  • enhanced recovery from workouts and injury
  • better muscle endurance
  • increased red blood cell production

Side Effects 

Tablets, liquids and soluble tablets 

  • weight gain and increased appetite
  • stomach pains, indigestion or heartburn
  • sleep problems
  • changes in mood
  • bruising easily
  • thinning of the skin
  • stretch marks.

Creams and gels

  • stinging or burning where the cream has been applied
  • changes in skin colour
  • thinning of the skin
  • stretch marks
  • increased hair growth where the cream has been applied.

Eye drops and ointments

  • stinging or burning in eyes after putting drops in
  • a funny taste in the mouth after putting drops in.

Steroid use is dangerous for several reasons, including the high risk of infection, their illegal status in most places, and potential for mental addiction. Frequent blood work is essential to monitor potential negative health effects. Steroids taken for a long time can also cause your muscles to become weaker, and they might occasionally affect periods in women. Because steroids can cause you to put on weight or have an increased appetite, it’s important to keep an eye on your weight while taking them. Making sensible food choices and including some physical activity in your daily routine should help you avoid putting on weight.


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