To prevent allergic reactions, an allergy management plan is essential. It is also necessary to control your allergies. To create your allergy management plan, work with your doctor.
Your type of allergy tells how to control it and prevent allergic reactions. Here are some ways to manage your allergies:
- Avoid your allergens. It is very important but not always easy. Some allergens are easier to avoid than others. Try to reduce your contact with an allergen when you can’t avoid it.
- Take your medications as prescribed. They can be helpful in managing your symptoms. Take them while avoiding allergens.
- If you are at risk of anaphylaxis, keep your epinephrine auto-injectors with you at all times. For a severe allergic reaction, epinephrine is the only treatment. It is only available with a prescription from your doctor. In a set, each prescription comes with two auto-injectors.
- Keep a diary. Track what you’re doing, what you’re eating, when symptoms appear, and what seems to be helping you. This can help you and your doctor find out what is causing or making your symptoms worse.
- Wear a medical alert bracelet (or necklace). Please wear a medical alert bracelet if you have ever had a severe allergic reaction. Others will know with this bracelet that you have a severe allergy. This can be critical if you have a reaction and are unable to communicate.
- Know what to do with an allergic reaction. Have a written emergency action plan for anaphylaxis. It tells others and you also what to do if you have allergic symptoms or a severe allergic reaction. If you have any questions ask your doctor always.
It is essential to recognize that you are having an allergic reaction and to react quickly and correctly. If the reaction progresses and worsens, immediately call 911 (activate emergency medical services) immediately. Do not try to take a family member or friend or yourself to the hospital. You may need to stop and help yourself along the way. It is always best to stay where you are and have an ambulance transport you.