Pregnancy occurs when during ovulation a sperm fertilizes an egg after it is released from the ovary. For implantation to occur, the fertilized egg then travels down into the uterus. A successful implantation results in pregnancy.
Pregnancy is affected by many factors. Women who receive an early pregnancy diagnosis and antenatal care are more likely to have a healthy pregnancy and give birth to a healthy baby.
Knowing what to expect throughout pregnancy is important to monitoring both your health and that of the baby. If you want to prevent pregnancy, there are also some effective birth control methods that you should keep in mind.
Symptoms of pregnancy
You may notice some signs and symptoms even before a pregnancy test. Others will appear weeks later with the change in your hormone levels.
A missed period is one of the first (and perhaps the most classic) pregnancy symptoms. However, a missed period doesn’t necessarily mean you’re pregnant, especially if it tends to be irregular.
There are many health problems other than pregnancy that can lead to a late or missed period.
Headaches are common in early pregnancy. They are usually caused by changes in hormone levels and an increase in blood volume. Contact your doctor if your headaches persist or are particularly painful.
Some women may have light bleeding and spotting during early pregnancy. This bleeding is most often the result of an implantation. Implantation usually takes place one to two weeks after fertilization.
Early pregnancy bleeding can also result from relatively minor conditions such as infection or irritation. The surface of the cervix is often affected by the latter (which is very sensitive during pregnancy).
Bleeding can also sometimes signal a serious complication of pregnancy, such as miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, or placenta previa. Always contact your doctor if you are concerned.
You can expect to gain between 1 and 4 pounds during your first few months of pregnancy. The weight gain becomes more noticeable around the start of your second trimester.
Sometimes during pregnancy, high blood pressure, or hypertension develops. Your risk can be increased due to number of factors, including:
- being overweight or obese
- having a history or family history of hypertension in pregnancy
Hormones released during pregnancy can sometimes relax the valve between the stomach and the esophagus. When stomach acid escapes, it can cause heartburn.
Hormonal changes early in pregnancy can slow down your digestive system. As a result, you can become constipated.
When the muscles in your uterus begin to dilate and stretch, you may feel a pulling sensation that resembles period cramps. If bleeding or bleeding occurs next to your cramps, it could signal a miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy.
Hormones and stress on the muscles are the main causes of back pain in early pregnancy. Later, your increased weight and shifted center of gravity can make your back pain worse. About half of pregnant women report having back pain during pregnancy.
Pregnant women have an increased risk of anemia, which causes symptoms such as lightheadedness and lightheadedness.
The condition can lead to premature birth of baby and low birth weight. Antenatal care usually involves screening for anemia.
During the pregnancy, depression is developed between 14 and 23 percent of all pregnant women. The many biological and emotional changes you experience can also be the contributing causes.
Be sure to tell your doctor if you don’t feel like you usually are.
Insomnia is another common symptom of early pregnancy. Hormonal changes, physical discomfort, and stress can be contributing causes. To get a good night’s sleep, a balanced diet, good sleep habits, and yoga stretches can also help.
Breast changes are one of the first visible signs of pregnancy. Even before you are far enough away for a positive test, your breasts may start to be tender, swollen, and usually heavy or full. Your nipples may also enlarge and become more sensitive.
Due to the increase in androgenic hormones, many women suffer from acne in early pregnancy. These hormones can make your skin more oily, which can clog your pores. Pregnancy acne is usually temporary and goes away after the baby is born.
Vomiting is part of “morning sickness,” a common symptom that usually appears in the first four months. Morning sickness is often the first sign that you are pregnant. The main cause is the increase in hormones during early pregnancy.
During pregnancy, hip pain is common and tends to increase in late pregnancy. It can have various causes, including:
- pressure on your ligaments
- changes in your posture
- a heavier uterus
Diarrhea and other digestive difficulties commonly occur during pregnancy. Hormonal changes, a different diet, and additional stress are all possible explanations. If the diarrhea lasts more than a few days, contact your doctor to make sure you are not dehydrated.
Stress and pregnancy
While pregnancy is generally a happy time, it can also be stressful. A new baby means big changes in your body, your personal relationships, and even your finances. Don’t hesitate to ask your doctor for help if you start to feel overwhelmed.
The bottom line
If you think you might be pregnant, don’t just rely on these signs and symptoms for confirmation. Taking a home pregnancy test or seeing your doctor for lab tests can confirm a possible pregnancy.
Many of these signs and symptoms can also be caused by other health conditions, like premenstrual syndrome (PMS).