Hypoglycemia is a disease caused by a low level of glucose in the blood (blood sugar). Glucose is the primary means by which your body obtains energy. The condition is more common in people with diabetes who have problems with medications, food, or exercise. But sometimes people who don’t have diabetes can also experience low blood sugar.

symptoms and signs:

  1. Nervousness.
  2. Intense hunger.
  3. Dizzy or lightheaded.
  4. Trembling.
  5. Weakness.
  6. Often have trouble speaking.
  7. Pale.
  8. Trouble concentrating.
  9. irritable and nervous.
  10. Changes in behavior
  11. Unconsciousness.

Hypoglycemia Prevention

  • Eat at least three evenly spaced meals each day with between-meal snacks as prescribed.
  • Exercise 30 minutes to 1 hour after meals.
  • Double-check your insulin and dose of diabetes medicine before taking it.
  • Know when your medicine is at its peak level.
  • Test your blood sugar as directed by your doctor.
  • Include a broad variety of foods, including protein, fatty, and high-fiber foods.

What causes low blood sugar?

Despite advances in the treatment of diabetes, low blood sugar episodes occur as a side effect of many treatments for diabetes. In fact, these episodes are often the limiting factor in achieving optimal blood sugar control, because many medications that are effective in treating diabetes carry the risk of lowering the blood sugar level too much, causing symptoms. In large scale studies looking at tight control in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, low blood sugars occurred more often in the patients who were managed most intensively.


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