A face serum is a formula that contains a high volume of active ingredients. Serums can specifically target one concern or a combination of them. A serum is not loaded with as many ingredients as a cleanser or moisturizer. Instead, it has more potent actives that more deeply and efficiently penetrate the skin. Your skin will reap the rewards of a concentrated formula that will give your complexion the boost it needs.
The varying types of serums, along with the selection of active ingredients and the overall texture, serve many different functions and offer various benefits.
1. Anti-Aging Serums
Facial serums are most known for their amazing anti-aging benefits. These serums are able to treat the most common signs of aging along with slowing down the process in general. They target any current fine lines, sagging, or wrinkles, while firming and plumping the skin. This helps rejuvenate the skin and smooths out the overall texture and appearance. It helps with cell turnover, increasing collagen and elastic production, preventing collagen loss, firming, and hydrating or plumping the skin. You might see anti-aging serums specifically for nighttime use. This is because it’s suggested that retinol is negatively affected by the sun’s UV rays and could lead to potential adverse skin effects. A plus for using retinol based anti-aging serums at night is that this is a prime time for your body to restore and repair itself as you’re sleeping.
2. Hydrating Serums
Hydrating serums provide an extra boost of moisture for your skin. They’re used in conjunction with regular moisturizers. Hyaluronic acid is the most common ingredient found in hydrating serums. Hyaluronic acid’s appeal lies in its ability to hold 1,000 times its weight in water. Also, as a humectant, this ingredient draws in water from its surroundings. Make sure to apply hyaluronic acid in a humid area, such as your bathroom after a warm shower. Otherwise, the hyaluronic acid will instead attract the moisture from your skin, leaving your face dry.
3. Skin Brightening Serums
Such Serums may contain extracts of green tea, licorice root, and grapefruit or antioxidants like vitamin E and vitamin C as the main ingredient. Other active ingredients for lightening and brightening are Kojic acid, Ferulic acid, Peptides, and Light reflectors or Optical diffusers that give your skin an instant glow. Brightening serums work by smoothing your complexion, fading any age or sunspots, evening skin tone, and diminishing hyperpigmentation. This leaves your skin with a natural, radiant glow.
4. Acne-Fighting Serums
Acne fighting ingredients such as beta-hydroxy acid, alpha-hydroxy acid glycolic acid, citric acid, zinc, and botanical extracts like tea tree, thyme, cucumber, and green tea serve as the active ingredient in such Serums. It Treats existing acne and helps stop acne breakouts before they even start. It Fades acne scars and gently removes the buildup of your dead skin cells. They are formulated with small molecules that can easily dive deep into the skin and deliver potent active ingredients. This is in contrast to face washes and creams that work more at the surface of the skin. Serums help stop acne breakouts before they even start. They can also aid in fading acne scars, while gently removing any buildup of dead skin cells. Acne fighting serums tighten skin, unclog and minimize pores, absorb excess oil, and minimize any redness or irritation.
5. Exfoliating Serums
To prevent your skin from falling victim to dullness and breakouts, this serum is beneficial. Exfoliation comes in two forms: physical and chemical. A physical exfoliant is a grainy scrub that can be used to manually remove dead skin cells. However, this can be too harsh for anyone with sensitive skin or acne-prone skin. A chemical exfoliant, meanwhile, is a less abrasive alternative that is typically produced in serum form. Exfoliating serums contain alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs), or poly-hydroxy acids (PHAs). Glycolic acid is a popular AHA that treats skin at the surface level by removing dead cells. Salicylic acid is a common BHA that goes beyond the skin’s surface to clear pores of blackheads, blemishes, and other impurities.